Kilimanjaro Glacier

Kilimanjaro Glacier

When you look for Climbing Mount Kilimanjaro, your first impression would be nothing more than big smooth piles of Kilimanjaro Glacier almost like a block of monotonous ice sitting on top of a volcano. Yet these cathedrals of gleaming blue-white ice glaciers are the lifeline of our ecosystem.

Does Kilimanjaro have glaciers?

Yes, Mount Kilimanjaro has glaciers. It is called Furtwangler Glacier. It was named after Walter Furtwangler. In 1912 he and his friend Siegfried König ascended to the summit of Kilimanjaro 1912. But since then almost 80% of glaciers have been found disappearing.

In Africa, you’ll find only Mount Kilimanjaro, Mount Kenya, and the Ruwenzori range along the border of the Democratic Republic of Congo and Uganda to have tropical glaciers.

Kilimanjaro is situated at a high altitude of over 5,000 meters above sea level. Meaning the Kilimanjaro Summit Temperatures remain below freezing point most of the year.

Kilimanjaro's Shrinking Glaciers Could Vanish by 2030?

A recent survey shows that over 80% Kilimanjaro Glacier have already been melted away. Scientists further claim that at this rate Kilimanjaro will not have any glaciers left by 2040. And at this rate, there will be no remnant of ice on Mount Kilimanjaro By the year 2060.

But why are the Kilimanjaro Glacier melting?

Well, we all know that the Kilimanjaro Glaciers are sitting on top of dormant lava rock. Though the bright white color of ice reflects most of the heat, the dull black color lava rock absorbers the heat. So, even though the glaciers are unaffected by the sunrays, the heat generated by the sun-baked rocks underneath leads to glacial melting.

As a result, the ice at the bottom which is in direct contact with the rocks melts. Eventually, the glaciers lose their grip and start to shot of, overhang. Gradually the ice fracture breaks away exposing more rocks to the sun causing further melting.

Doug Hardy, a glaciologist from the University of Massachusetts claims that melting and sublimation both contribute to the ice loss of Mount Kilimanjaro. However, the main culprit of this rapid degeneration of Kilimanjaro Glacier is no doubt the deteriorating global warming. Which further has a strong impact on Kilimanjaro Climate change.

Mount Kilimanjaro Glaciers loss facts.

  • From 1912 to 1953, the glacier surface area was shrinking by 1% per year.
  • But the rate increased to 2.5 percent each year from 1989 to 2007.
  • Thus 85% of the Kilimanjaro Glacier have melted away between 1912 to 2000.
  • Whereas between 2000 to 2009, 26% of the remaining ice cover melted away.
  • The glaciers have survived a 300-year drought 4,200 years ago.
  • Researchers believe that the recent melting was never seen within the last 11,700 years
  • At this rate, the glaciers could disappear completely within a few decades.

Does Kilimanjaro still have snow on top?

Contrary to the speculations of prominent scientists, Mount Kilimanjaro is slowly building up its snow cover. Elbit at an excruciatingly slow pace. Thus, giving new hopes to tourists and therefore the Mount Kilimanjaro environmental watchdogs that the peak might not lose its beautiful snowy cap after all.

The once disappeared snow is beginning to pile up again. You should see the view from the Kibo peak; it’s absolutely marvelous! But, you cannot overlook the effects of Mount Kilimanjaro’s climate change and global warming. For it is the main reason the peak’s snow layers become thinner and thinner.

To put it simply, snow comes and goes each year on Kilimanjaro. Every year you will see snowfall during the four months of the wet season and it starts to melt away during the rest of the year

Area of Kilimanjaro’s glaciers, 1880–2016

Year Area
1880 20.0 km2
1912 12.1 km2
1953 6.7 km2
1976 4.2 km2
1989 3.3 km2
2000 2.6 km2
2003 2.5 km2
2007 1.85 km2
2011 1.76 km2
2016 1.7 km2

What Is The Temperature On Top Of Mount Kilimanjaro?

Mount Kilimanjaro is always snowy and cold at the top. Despite such close proximity to the equator, Mount Kilimanjaro stands at a height of 5,895 meters. And we all know temperature decreases with an increase in height.

Temperature at the Top of Kilimanjaro is extremely variable and impossible to predict. Kilimanjaro Temperature of Uhuru Point, can range between 20 and -20 degrees Fahrenheit (-7 to -29 degrees Celsius) at night time.

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Kilimanjaro Glacier FAQ’s

We Have Compiled A List Of The Most Frequently Asked Questions About Climbing Mount Kilimanjaro In General, And About Kilimanjaro Climbing Program, Get The Real Kilimanjaro Guide From Jerry Tanzania Tours.

Yes, Since 1912, It is reported that Kilimanjaro's Glaciers, the mountain's ice turfs have contracted around 85% in area, reducing from 12 square kilometres in size to just 1.85 square kilometres.

Ever since 1980, a noteworthy global warming has headed to glacier departure becoming increasingly quick and abundant. Some glaciers have disappeared altogether, and the existence of many of the residual glaciers is endangered.

As the ice shield atop Tanzania's Mount Kilimanjaro endures to shrink and shows that Kilimanjaro's Glaciers are more profound to changes in snowfall.

Yes, Kilimanjaro still have the snow-cap on the top but probably disappeared within two decades because of global warming. Ice at the top of Kilimanjaro has disappeared 100 years ago and the remaining are visible now. The rest is likely to melt by 2040.

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