Before starting to understand Tanzania Language take some time to think do you know how to correctly pronounce ‘Tanzania’? It’s pronounced as "Tan-ZAN-ee-a" as opposed to the wrong and popular version of "Tan-Zu-KNEE-uh". On your Tanzania Safari Tours, you will be using this term a lot. So practice it well and let’s dwell on the various facts about the languages in Tanzania.
Facts About Tanzania Language
Here are some facts about Tanzania Language:
- Tanzania Official Languages Swahili is the most spoken in the country
- Kiunguja is the name for Swahili in Zanzibar,
- English is the official, primary language of commerce, administration, and higher education,
- Arabic is widely spoken in Zanzibar,
- Many local languages note: Kiswahili (Swahili) is the mother tongue of the Bantu people living in Zanzibar and nearby coastal Tanzania;
- Although Kiswahili is Bantu in structure and origin, its vocabulary draws on a variety of sources, including Arabic and English, and it has become the lingua franca of central and eastern Africa;
Some Interesting Statistics:
Here are some interesting statistics about Tanzania Language:
- Only 10% of the Tanzanians speak Swahili as their mother tongue
- About 90% are bilingual in Swahili and an indigenous language
- Only 15% of the population speak English.
- Younger people are more proficient in Swahili;
- The more literate and educated a person is, the higher his fluency in Swahili.
- It is discovered that children in the urban setting speak Swahili as their first language even though their parents are not native speakers of the language.
- Tanzania uses the English Language as a foreign language.
- Only a small group of Tanzania use English Language and it is to communicate with foreigners and not with fellow Tanzanians
Why Swahili Rules East African Languages?
How many times have you come across the ‘wonderful phrase’ of “Hakuna Matata”? Did you know that it is in Swahili, the official language in Tanzania?
When the decision was taken to make Swahili as the national and official language of Tanzania is created numerous linguistic and sociolinguistic trends due to the radical nature of the decision. The Bantu-based culture gave an extra-linguistic factor to the decision making Swahili pre-dominant in East Africa.
Bantu peoples are the speakers of Bantu languages and comprise several hundred indigenous ethnic groups in sub-Saharan Africa, spread over a vast area from Central Africa. These are the indigenous black people of South Africa who originated around the Benue- Cross rivers area in south-eastern Nigeria and spread over Africa to the Zambia area.
Original Swahili culture in the coastal and island settlements grew as a result of continued contact between Bantu and Arab-Islamic Cultures.
The Tanzania Language is dominated by Swahili which is supported by popular sentiments of people thriving in the harmonious inclusive relationship with the aspirations of people to build a new Tanzanian nation.
Other Important Languages In Tanzania:
Chindali in Mbozi District
Despite the numerical superiority of Nyiha speakers, Chindali has been maintained in the Mbozi district and several factors such as age, gender, domains of use, religion, and more are said to have impacted this vitality of Chindali.
It is believed that the Ndalis are the group of people who have strived to maintain the Chindali language, even after being surrounded by different ethnic groups speaking the varied language.
Maasai is another popular Tanzania Language that you will come across on your Tanzania Safari Tours which is spoken by the Maasai Mara tribe of Africa. Maasai is an Eastern Nilotic language and is spoken in the northern region of Tanzania as well as southern Kenya. There are over 800,000 remaining Maasai people in Africa today.
Part of the Nilo-Saharan language family is another important Tanzania Language called Datooga which is the language of the Datooga ethnic group that lives in the Great Rift Valley of Tanzania. Technically Datooga is not one language but a dialect cluster in Tanzania. In Tanzania, you will come across six different Datooga dialects some of which are difficult for many listeners to comprehend.
Digo another Bantu language, and is the tongue of the Digo people of Kenya and Tanzania. Today only 360,000 Digo people live in Africa. You will find some Digo speakers fluently speaking Swahili as well. Digo is spoken in different regions of Kenya and Tanzania in four different dialects.
The common language used in Tanzania during the British colonial era was English but now has been used alongside Swahili since independence. During the presidency of Jakaya Kikwete however, the abandonment of English as a teaching subject in schools was taken place. This brought about a significant change in Language Policy In Tanzania.
Some Useful Words & Phrases In Swahili:
- Hello - Mambo
- Welcome - Karibu
- How are you? - Habari Yako
- I'm fine thanks - Nzuri, Ahsante
- Goodbye - Kwaheri
- Yes - Ndio
- No - Hapana
- Thank You - Ahsante
- Where - Wapi?
- Money - pesa
- Today - leo
- Tomorrow - kesho
- Gues thouse - nyumba ya wageni
- Toilet - choo
- Eat - kula
- Sleep - lala
- Want - taka
- Come from - Kutoka
- There is - kuna
- There isn't - hakuna
- White people - wazungu
- What's your name? - Unaitwa nani ?
- My Name is - Ninaitwa
- How was the journey? - Habari ya safari?
- How much/how many? - Shilingi Ngapi? Ngapi
Learn More About Tanzania Language With Jerry Tanzania Tours
Now that you are aware of What Language Is Spoken In Tanzania? You must be wondering on your trip to Tanzania you may require a translator to convert Tanzania Swahili To English for you. Jerry Tanzania Tour’s experienced tour guides are experts in this area. You can choose from our amazing Tanzania Safari Packages and choices from Budget Safari Tanzania to Luxury Safari Tanzania and enjoy the Best Safari In Tanzania with an itinerary personalized to your needs.
Call us now to know more about such interesting facts about Tanzania and its language and culture.