Kilimanjaro is residing in the heart of Tanzania which attracts more than 30,000 climbers each year. The country has not much of health threat except malaria as there are a lot of mosquitoes encountered due to the tropical climate of the country.  

The only vaccination that is mandatory to enter in the country is yellow fever vaccination. However, the World Health Organization suggests all the travellers immunize against the following before visiting any country;

  • Diphtheria
  • Tetanus
  • Measles
  • Mumps
  • Rubella
  • Polio
  • Hepatitis B
  • Malaria and Yellow Fever Vaccinations

Malaria is available all over the nation and carried by certain mosquitoes. So, we recommend carrying a mosquito spray with DEET and using it consistently. 

Acute Mountain Sickness (AMS)

This is the most common health issue that most climbers face while Climbing Mount Kilimanjaro. AMS occurs when you reach very high altitudes, for example, Gilman’s Point, Stella Point or near to the Summit of Kilimanjaro. However, it can be treated quickly, by taking the person suffering down to a lower altitude. 

To fight the mountain sickness it is highly advisable to hike slowly. Take longer itinerary to acclimatize well. If you acclimatize well you can fight in a better way with the altitude sickness.  

Symptoms of AMS are:

  • Nausea
  • Headache
  • Exhaustion
  • Rapid pulse
  • Insomnia
  • Swelling of hands and feet
  • A decrease in urine output


Hypothermia is another health threat that you might face while climbing Kilimanjaro. Hypothermia occurs when the body’s temperature drops drastically. There is a lot of chance to happen so as towards the summit the mountain drops its temperature really low. To prevent hypothermia Kilimanjaro clothing gears helps a lot. 

Symptoms of Hypothermia are

  • Shivering
  • Slurring Of speech
  • Clumsy actions
  • Confusion
  • Fatigue 

Foot Problems

Fitting boots or new boots that have not been worn in will damage feet, resulting in pain and blistering. So it is very important to wear a suitable pair of footwear. The toenails should be kept short so they don’t rub or catch on your socks. If you develop a blister, then quickly remove the boot and treat it with zinc oxide tape or a proper plaster. 


Persons suffering from any cardiac or pulmonary problems are advised to consult your doctor before attempting to trek Mount Kilimanjaro.  


While you trek Mt. Kilimanjaro you come in direct contact of UV rays of the Sun. It causes severe sunburn if proper care is not taken. So while Trekking Mount Kilimanjaro it is recommended to use +30 SPF sunscreen cream. Wear a wide hat that covers your face too and UV protective sunglasses during the day hiking. 

Symptoms of Sunburn

  • Redness of skin
  • Blistering
  • Swelling of skin
  • Headaches
  • Shivering
  • Fever
  • Nausea
  • Dizziness
  • Extreme thirst